Asthma causes your airways to be inflamed and this can make it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs.

There are many triggers for asthma including exposure to various irritants and substances. Some of these triggers can include, but are not limited to:

  • Airborne substances – smoke, pollen, dust mites, pet dander, etc.
  • Physical activity which can cause exercise-induced asthma
  • Cold air
  • Respiratory infections
  • Allergies

Treatment of Asthma

Doctors can help determine the severity of your asthma and decide if treatment is needed, or if a referral to a specialist is required.

Once a diagnosis has been made, your doctor will go over the risks and benefits of the various treatment plans. Depending on the cause and severity of the infection, your treatment plan may include:

  • Self-care – quitting smoking
  • Supportive care – oxygen therapy
  • Medications – anti-inflammatories, steroids or a bronchodilator
  • A referral to a specialist